Abstract. Cognitive evaluation theory as put forward by Deci and Ryan (1985) is examined. The theory, which deals with intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, has inspired considerable amount of empirical research in the last two decades.
What is cognitive evaluation?
Cognitive evaluation theory (CET) is a theory in psychology that is designed to explain the effects of external consequences on internal motivation.
How Cognitive is an evaluation theory?
It assumes that intrinsically motivated behaviour is affected by a person’s innate need to feel competent and self-determining in dealing with the environment. The theory asserts that there are two main ways extrinsic rewards affect intrinsic motivation.
What is cognitive evaluation theory example?
According to the Cognitive Evaluation Theory, extrinsic motivation, which decreases autonomy, reduces intrinsic motivation. Just like the cake-baking example, if you are performing a task for intrinsic reasons, losing control of that task will reduce the joy you get from it.
What are the two main pieces of cognitive evaluation theory?
Cognitive Evaluation Theory theory suggests that there are two motivation systems; intrinsic and extrinsic which correspond to two kinds of motivators.
What is theory of evaluation?
Theory based evaluation is an approach to evaluation (i.e., a conceptual analytical model) and not a specific method or technique. It is a way of structuring and undertaking analysis in an evaluation. A theory of change explains how an intervention is expected to produce its results.
What is the main idea of cognitive theory?
What is the main idea of cognitive learning theory? The main assumption of cognitive theory is that thoughts are the primary determinants of emotions and behavior. The cognitive approach to learning believes that internal mental processes can be scientifically studied.
Why is cognitive evaluation theory important?
Deci and Ryan’s Cognitive Evaluation Theory (CET) specifically addresses the social and environmental factors that facilitate versus undermine intrinsic motivation and point to three significant psychological needs that must be present in the individual in order to foster self-motivation.
Who introduced the effects of external consequences on internal motivation?
Deci, E. L. (1971). Effects of externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 18, 105–115.
What is Deci and Ryan Self Determination Theory?
Self-Determination Theory, or SDT, links personality, human motivation, and optimal functioning. It posits that there are two main types of motivation—intrinsic and extrinsic—and that both are powerful forces in shaping who we are and how we behave (Deci & Ryan, 2008).
What is organismic integration theory?
The second mini-theory, Organismic Integration Theory (OIT), addresses the topic of extrinsic motivation in its various forms, with their properties, determinants, and consequences. … The more internalized the extrinsic motivation, the more autonomous the person will be when enacting the behaviors.
What is competence theory?
Competence motivation is a theory that centers on the idea that people are driven to engage in activities to develop or demonstrate their skills. … High perceptions of competence and control create feelings of pleasure that maintain or lead to an increase in competence motivation.
What is self efficacy theory of motivation?
Self-efficacy refers to an individual’s belief in his or her capacity to execute behaviors necessary to produce specific performance attainments (Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997). Self-efficacy reflects confidence in the ability to exert control over one’s own motivation, behavior, and social environment.
What is Vroom’s expectancy theory?
Vroom’s expectancy theory assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and to minimize pain. … Expectancy is the belief that increased effort will lead to increased performance i.e. if I work harder then this will be better.
What is the need achievement theory in sport?
The aim of need achievement theory is to explain why certain individuals are more motivated to achieve than others. … An individual who has low intrinsic motivation may become motivated to be successful if the probability of success is high and the reward on offer for success is great.
What is intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?
Intrinsic motivation involves performing a task because it’s personally rewarding to you. Extrinsic motivation involves completing a task or exhibiting a behavior because of outside causes such as avoiding punishment or receiving a reward.