Mitosis- nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic cells having the same genetic complement (genetically identical) as the original cell. As mitosis begins they condense and become visible under a light microscope.
What is the other name of somatic cell division?
The cell which takes part in composition of the body of an organism and divides through the process of binary fission and mitotic division is called somatic cell.
What is another name for nuclear division?
Nuclear division, mitosis, which takes place during the process of vegetative reproduction, ensures the division of genetic material between the two newly formed cells. The classical mitosis has a number of stages.
Which cell division has somatic cells?
The genetic structures in cells composed of condensed DNA ,which contain the genetic code for an organism.
Why is mitosis called somatic cell division?
Mitosis is called somatic cell division because this type of cell division takes place in somatic cells( body cells except gametes), for the growth, development and repair.
What is called somatic cell?
A somatic cell is any cell of the body except sperm and egg cells. Somatic cells are diploid, meaning that they contain two sets of chromosomes, one inherited from each parent. Mutations in somatic cells can affect the individual, but they are not passed on to offspring.
What is nuclear division in cell?
Definition. The process by which a nucleus divides, resulting in the segregation of the genome to opposite poles of a dividing cell. Supplement. Nuclear divisions occur in both mitosis and meiosis.
Where is nuclear division?
Nuclear division is the division of the nucleus occuring in both mitosis and meiosis during cell division. In mitosis nuclear division only occurs once to produce two daughter cells genetically identical to each other.
Is meiosis nuclear division?
Meiosis is a special type of nuclear division which segregates one copy of each homologous chromosome into each new “gamete”. Mitosis maintains the cell’s original ploidy level (for example, one diploid 2n cell producing two diploid 2n cells; one haploid n cell producing two haploid n cells; etc.).
What is somatic phase?
The somatic phase consists of coenocytic mass of highly granular protoplasm containing hundreds or thousands of nuclei and vacuoles without cell walls, but delimited only by a thin plasma membrane—a plasmodium (pl. plasmodia) (Fig. 321A).
What are the two types of somatic cells in your body?
Name two types of somatic cells in your body. Somatic cells include bone cells and liver cells.
Are autosomes and somatic cells the same?
Autosome is a non-gender chromosome. Somatic cell is any cell forming an organism.
What is reproductive cell division?
These reproductive cells are produced through a type of cell division called meiosis. During meiosis, a diploid parent cell, which has two copies of each chromosome, undergoes one round of DNA replication followed by two separate cycles of nuclear division to produce four haploid cells.
What is prophase in cell division?
Prophase is the first phase of mitosis, the process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells. During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses.