What is the main idea of drive theory psychology?

Drive theory is based on the principle that organisms are born with certain psychological needs and that a negative state of tension is created when these needs are not satisfied. When a need is satisfied, drive is reduced and the organism returns to a state of homeostasis and relaxation.

What is the main idea of drive theory psychology quizlet?

Developed as an alternative to instinct theory, drive theory explains motivation as a process in which a biological need produces a drive that moves an organism to meet the need. For most drives this process returns the organism to a balanced condition, known as homeostasis.

What is the meaning of drive in psychology?

drive, in psychology, an urgent basic need pressing for satisfaction, usually rooted in some physiological tension, deficiency, or imbalance (e.g., hunger and thirst) and impelling the organism to action.

What is the psychological aim of the drive reduction theory?

According to drive-reduction theory, the body is motivated to engage in whatever behavior is necessary to fulfill an unsatisfied drive. One way that the body elicits this behavioral motivation is by increasing physiological arousal.

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What is an example of drive theory?

Thirst, hunger, and the need for warmth are all examples of drives. A drive creates an unpleasant state, a tension that needs to be reduced. In order to reduce this state of tension, humans and animals seek out ways to fulfill these biological needs. We get a drink when we are thirsty.

What is the drive reduction theory of motivation quizlet?

Drive Reduction Theory. – States that our behavior is motivated by biological needs. – A need is one of our requirements for survival (e.g., food, water, shelter). – A drive is our impulse to act in a way that satisfies this need. – Our body seeks homeostasis, a balanced internal state.

What is an example of drive reduction theory?

We eat when we’re hungry to reduce the discomfort that hunger causes within our bodies. This is a significant example of drive reduction theory. When we’re cold, we put on a sweater to address our need for warmth and maintain our body temperature. This is another common example of drive reduction theory.

What is Freud drive theory?

‘Drive’ is an ‘appetitive internal force’. Freud says that the human body constantly strives for a homeostatic state. … ‘ The individual seeks to satisfy these urges so that he can return to the homeostatic state. According to Freud, drives are dual in nature. They consist of libidinal and sexual drives.

What is the concept of drive from the perspective of Dollard and Miller explain in detail?

Dollard and Miller believed that there were three types of conflict situations which influence one’s behavior. … Generally, Dollard and Miller proposed that the drive to avoid a negative goal is stronger than the drive to approach a positive one.

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What is the drive theory of social facilitation?

THE DRIVE THEORY OF SOCIAL FACILITATION (Zajonc, 1965) posits that the mere presence of others produces increments in levels of arousal. … Thus, when arousal increases, the tendency to perform stronger dominant responses also increases.

How does drive theory explain human behavior?

According to the drive theory of motivation, people are motivated to take certain actions in order to reduce the internal tension that is caused by unmet needs. … This theory is useful in explaining behaviors that have a strong biological or physiological component, such as hunger or thirst.

Which of the following best describe drive reduction theory?

Which of the following best describes the Drive-Reduction Theory of motivation? Explanation: The concept of the theory is in its name. The Drive-Reduction Theory reduces motivation to satisfying drives caused by biological needs.

What are the main human drives?

What Are ‘Core Human Drives’?

  • Drive to Acquire: the desire to collect material and immaterial things, like a car, or influence.
  • Drive to Bond: the desire to be loved and feel valued in our relationships with others.
  • Drive to Learn: the desire to satisfy our curiosity.

Who proposed drive theory who focuses on arousal levels?

Researchers Robert Yerkes and John Dodson studied the relationship between the level of arousal and performance in a task, and their finding is known as the Yerkes-Dodson Law. The Yerkes-Dodson Law states that for easy tasks, the higher the level of physiological or mental arousal, the higher the performance.