What century did the discipline of industrial/organizational psychology emerge?

The study of industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology originated in the United States in the early 1900s through the work of psychologists Hugo Münsterberg and Walter Dill Scott (both of whom were trained by German physiologist and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt), while its practical application developed largely through …

What is the golden era of industrial psychology?

The development of these new theories, methods, organizations, publishing out- lets, and funding opportunities from 1940 to 1970 resulted in a “golden era” for organizational psychology.

In which year was industrial psychology began as an academic discipline with the pioneering work of Musterberg?

In 1913, Münsterberg published Psychology and Industrial Efficiency, which covered topics such as employee selection, employee training, and effective advertising.

Which Came First Industrial or Organizational psychology?

The older discipline of philosophy could not alone deal with this debate, more room and new tools were needed, giving way to Psychology. Texts applying psychology to business first appeared in 1903; the first Industrial-Organizational (I/O) psychology text appeared in 1910 (Landy, 1997).

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Who developed industrial psychology?

An individual commonly credited as the founder of industrial-organizational psychology is Walter Dill Scott, also trained by Wundt. Scott’s status derives from his early texts on advertising and his founding of the first personnel consulting firm.

What exemplifies the Hawthorne Effect?

Which of the following exemplifies the Hawthorne effect? Cancer patients volunteer for an experimental treatment and report improved mood to the researchers during the first few days of the treatment.

Why was industrial/organizational psychology created?

These studies mark the origin of organizational psychology. They began as research into the effects of the physical work environment (e.g., level of lighting in a factory), but the researchers found that the psychological and social factors in the factory were of more interest than the physical factors.

What was Hugo munsterberg criticism of Sigmund Freud?

In his work with mental patients, he discounted the unconscious postulated by Sigmund Freud. Rather he believed that all psychological processes had a parallel physical process in the brain, and thus that mental illness had a physical cause.

What is the industrial psychology theory which was developed by Hugo münsterberg?

Münsterberg believed in psychological parallelism, a theory that views the body and mind as an inextricable unit, with physical processes always occurring in tandem with brain processes.

What is Hugo munsterberg known for?

The current Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Inc. can trace its roots to the founding of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1892.

Who is the father of IO psychology?

Hugo Munsterberg is often cited as the founding father of I-O psychology. SIOP Past President Frank Landy has written two articles in the Journal of Applied Psychology that cover Munsterberg’s career here and here.

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How did the emergence of World War II allow the field of industrial and organizational psychology to expand?

The emergence of World War II again allowed the field of industrial and organizational psychology to expand due to the growing demands of the military (Spector, 2008; Koppes, 2007; Jex, 2002).

What are the major contributions of Hugo munsterberg in the history of organizational psychology?

Hugo Münsterberg is also well-known for his contributions to forensic psychology. His 1908 book On the Witness Stand detailed how psychological factors can influence the outcome of a trial. In the book, he discussed problems with eyewitness testimony, false confessions, and interrogations.