The nervous system is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body. … The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system is made up of the Somatic and the Autonomic nervous systems.
What is a nervous system explain?
Your nervous system is your body’s command center. Originating from your brain, it controls your movements, thoughts and automatic responses to the world around you. It also controls other body systems and processes, such as digestion, breathing and sexual development (puberty).
What is nervous system and its types?
The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.
- Afferent neurons. …
- Efferent neurons. …
What are the 4 main functions of the nervous system?
The four main functions of the nervous system are:
- Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. …
- Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. …
- Memory and learning. …
- Voluntary control of movement.
Why nervous system is important?
The nervous system helps all the parts of the body to communicate with each other. It also reacts to changes both outside and inside the body. The nervous system uses both electrical and chemical means to send and receive messages.
What is nervous system class 10?
Nervous system is the organ system present in the animals to control and coordinate different activities of the body. Nervous system comprises of the brain, the spinal cord, and a huge network of nerves that are spread throughout the body. … Nerves are thread like structures emerging out of the brain and spinal cord.
What are parts of nervous system?
The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system: The brain and the spinal cord are the central nervous system. The nerves that go through the whole body make up the peripheral nervous system.
What are the 3 types of nervous system?
It has three parts: The sympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system. The enteric nervous system.
What are the three main parts of the nervous system?
The CNS is comprised of the brain, cerebellum and spinal cord. Remaining neurons, and associated cells, distributed throughout the body form the PNS. The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output.
What are the 9 parts of the nervous system?
The PNS is broken into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.
- Somatic Nervous System. The somatic nervous system is made up of motor neurons and sensory neurons that help the body perform voluntary activities.
- Autonomic Nervous System. …
- Sympathetic Nervous System. …
- Parasympathetic Nervous System.
Where are nerves located?
The nervous system has two parts, called the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system due to their location in the body. The central nervous system (CNS) includes the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. It is safely contained within the skull and vertebral canal of the spine.
What are 5 interesting facts about the nervous system?
11 Fun Facts About the Nervous System
- The body has billions of nerve cells. …
- Neurons are made of three parts. …
- Neurons may look different from one another. …
- Neurons are programmed to do different things. …
- There are two parts of the nervous system. …
- There are two types of nervous systems.
What are the 2 major functions of nervous system?
Basic Functions. The nervous system is involved in receiving information about the environment around us (sensation) and generating responses to that information (motor responses).