How do you critically evaluate a psychological theory?

A theory generally attempts to explain some aspect of human behaviour or mental processes, so you can evaluate a theory by looking at the extent to which the theory can explain one or more examples of the behaviour/s in question. For instance, the Multi-store Model of Memory attempts to explain memory formation.

How do you evaluate a theory?

The seven criteria for theory evaluation are scope, logical consistency, parsimony, utility, testability, heurism and test of time. Most of these terms are familiar vocabulary to you and the explanations in your text are understandable.

How do you evaluate something in psychology?

An evaluation requires the explanation of strengths and limitations. Thus, in order to evaluate anything we need to first understand its purpose or what it’s trying to do. So before you can evaluate a study in psychology you must first know and understand what the study is trying to do!

What makes a good psychological theory?

A good theory in the theoretical sense is (1) consistent with empirical observations; is (2) precise, (3) parsimonious, (4) explanatorily broad, and (5) falsifiable; and (6) promotes scientific progress (among others; Table 1.1).

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What does evaluate mean psychology?


Evaluation means looking at the strengths and weaknesses of research: what features are done well and what features can be improved. It also means making comparisons: looking at how research is similar to or different from other research into the same area.

What is the most important factor in evaluating a theory?

Empirical Validity.

This is the most important factor in evaluating a theory, and means that the theory has been supported by research evidence.

What are the six criteria we use to evaluate the strength of a theory?

The six criteria include comprehensiveness, pre- cision and testability, parsimony, empirical validity, and both heuristic and applied value.

What are the 5 criteria in evaluating a theoretical work according to Chinn and Kramer?

In 1980s, based on criteria for evaluation of psychological theory, Chinn and Jacobs (1987) suggested five criteria for theory evaluation that included clarity (semantic clarity, semantic consistency, structural clarity, and structural consistency), simplicity, generality, empirical applicability and consequences.

How do you critically evaluate a research paper in psychology?

Critical Evaluation – arguments should be supported by appropriate evidence and/or theory from the literature. Evidence of independent thinking, insight and evaluation of the evidence. Quality of Written Communication – writing clearly and succinctly with appropriate use of paragraphs, spelling and grammar.

What information should be considered when you critically evaluate psychological research?

Here is a reminder on what to bear in mind when reading a research article:

  • Research question. The research must be clear in informing the reader of its aims. …
  • Sample. …
  • Control of confounding variables. …
  • Research designs. …
  • Criteria and criteria measures. …
  • Data analysis. …
  • Discussion and conclusions. …
  • Ethics.
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Who does a psychological evaluation?

A psychological evaluation is a mental health assessment, where a professional, such as a family doctor, psychologist, or psychiatrist checks to see if you are experiencing a mental health problem.

What is the goal of psychological theory?

Purpose of a Psychology Theory

In psychology, theories are used to provide a model for understanding human thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Throughout psychology’s history, a number of theories have been proposed to explain and predict various aspects of human behavior.

What are the 6 major psychological theories?

The six Grand Theories in Psychology are: Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Ecological, Humanism, and Evolutionary.

What is the psychological theory?

Psychological theories are systems of ideas that can explain certain aspects of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. Psychology researchers create these theories to make predictions for future human behaviors or events that may take place if certain behaviors exist.