Intelligence is a mental quality consisting of the potential to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
How do psychologists define intelligence?
Intelligence has been defined in many ways: higher level abilities (such as abstract reasoning, mental representation, problem solving, and decision making), the ability to learn, emotional knowledge, creativity, and adaptation to meet the demands of the environment effectively.
How is intelligence defined in psychology quizlet?
intelligence. mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
How do psychologists define intelligence and what are the arguments for general intelligence quizlet?
Most psychologists now define intelligence as the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. Arguments for considering intelligence as a general mental ability underlying all specific mental abilities are based in part on factor analysis.
How do Gardner’s and Sternberg’s theories of multiple intelligences differ and what criticisms have they faced?
Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences contrasts to Sternberg’s because Gardner believes that the 8 types of intelligences he defined were different enough to be classified as their own types of intelligences. Sternberg argues that one capacity for intelligence exists, but it is made up of three distinct elements.
How do psychologists define intelligence and what are the arguments for general intelligence?
ow do psychologists define intelligence, and what are the arguments for g? Intelligence is a mental quality consisting of the potential to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations. … Savant syndrome seems to support Howard Gardner’s view that we have multiple intelligences.
Meaning and definition of Intelligence. … (Stern) Intelligence is the aggregate or global capacity of an individual to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with his environment.
How would you define intelligence quizlet?
intelligence. a mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solving problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
What is the best definition of intelligence?
1a(1) : the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations : reason also : the skilled use of reason. (2) : the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one’s environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria (such as tests) c : mental acuteness : shrewdness.
What is intelligence AP Psychology?
Intelligence refers to general cognitive ability and is assessed by a number of different kinds of tests. … IQ tests were originally developed for children and measured abstract verbal abilities as a way to assess intelligence. Modern IQ tests employ both verbal and nonverbal questions to assess intelligence.
What are Sternberg’s three types of intelligence?
Figure 7.12 Sternberg’s theory identifies three types of intelligence: practical, creative, and analytical.
What evidence is there that intelligence is influenced by both genetics and the environment?
Evidence of Genetic Influences on Intelligence
Studies show that IQ scores of identical twins may be more similar than those of fraternal twins. Siblings who were raised together in the same environment have more similar IQs than those of adopted children who were brought up in the same household.
What is an intelligence test and how do achievement and aptitude tests differ?
An intelligence test is a method for assessing an individual’s mental aptitudes and comparing them with others, using numerical scores. Aptitude tests measure the ability to learn, while achievement tests measure what we have already learned.
How are Sternberg’s theory and Gardner’s theory similar different quizlet?
The theories are alike in that they both reflect on multiple kinds of intelligence, as opposed to one single capacity. However, they differ because Sternberg focuses more on environmental intelligence, whereas Gardner focuses on individual skills.
How does Howard Gardner View Sternberg’s intelligence?
Intelligent people, according to Sternberg, are adept at making the most of their strengths and compensating for their weaknesses. Psychologist Howard Gardner of Harvard University has suggested that we have multiple intelligences, each relatively independent of others.
How are Sternberg’s theory and Gardner’s theory similar?
The Sternberg and Gardner theories are alike in several ways, such as they are both theories based on intelligence. … In both of their theories, an individual can have an excellent score in one area and poorer score in another, while still being strong and intelligent in different skills and abilities in one’s own way.