What is disease in psychology?

psychological disorder condition characterized by abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. psychopathology study of psychological disorders, including their symptoms, causes, and treatment; manifestation of a psychological disorder.

What is meant by the term disease?

disease, any harmful deviation from the normal structural or functional state of an organism, generally associated with certain signs and symptoms and differing in nature from physical injury. A diseased organism commonly exhibits signs or symptoms indicative of its abnormal state.

What is an example of a psychological disease?

Mental illness, also called mental health disorders, refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors.

Can a disease be psychological?

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), mental illness refers to “conditions that affect a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, or behavior.” These can include but aren’t limited to depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia.

What are the main types of physiological diseases?

A List of Psychological Disorders

  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders. MoMo Productions / Getty Images. …
  • Bipolar and Related Disorders. JGI/Jamie Grill / Getty Images. …
  • Anxiety Disorders. PhotoAlto/Ale Ventura / Getty Images. …
  • Stress-Related Disorders. …
  • Dissociative Disorders. …
  • Somatic Symptom Disorders. …
  • Eating Disorders. …
  • Sleep Disorders.
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What is disease and examples?

1 : a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning and is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms : sickness, malady infectious diseases a rare genetic disease heart disease.

What are the 4 types of mental health?

anxiety disorders. personality disorders. psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia) eating disorders.

Is anxiety a illness?

Anxiety disorders are a type of mental health condition. Anxiety makes it difficult to get through your day. Symptoms include feelings of nervousness, panic and fear as well as sweating and a rapid heartbeat. Treatments include medications and cognitive behavioral therapy.

Is OCD a disorder or disease?

Overview. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic, and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and/or behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over.

What are different types of disease?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

Is mental illness a disease of the brain?

“All mental processes are brain processes, and therefore all disorders of mental functioning are biological diseases,” he says. “The brain is the organ of the mind.

What is the medical model of disease?

Definition. The medical model is a model of health which suggests that disease is detected and identified through a systematic process of observation, description, and differentiation, in accordance with standard accepted procedures, such as medical examinations, tests, or a set of symptom descriptions.

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How can physiological diseases be controlled?

Common treatments of psychological disorders include:

  1. Antianxiety medications.
  2. Antidepressant medications to improve moods.
  3. Antipsychotic medications to treat disordered thought patterns and altered perceptions.
  4. Cognitive behavioral therapy to work on thought patterns and behavior.

Can physiological disease be cured?

It is further understood that most patients with physiological diseases can cure their diseases through a specific treatment, such as surgery or medication, while most patients with psychological diseases cannot recapture their health through explicit treatments and can only recover through a combination of external …

What diseases are hereditary?

6 Most Common Hereditary Diseases

  • Sickle Cell Disease. Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disease caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode the hemoglobin protein. …
  • Cystic Fibrosis. …
  • Tay-Sachs. …
  • Hemophilia. …
  • Huntington’s Disease. …
  • Muscular Dystrophy.