Perhaps his most important contribution to Western] thought is his dialectic (answering a question with a question) method of inquiry, known as the Socratic Method or method of elenchos, which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice.
How did Socrates contribute to the development of psychology?
Two of Socrates’ basic ideas, “know thyself and “an unexamined life is not worth living,” are fundamental to psychotherapy. With his charge to know oneself, Socrates established a focal point basic not only to philosophy but also to religion and psychology.
What are the contribution of Socrates?
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.
What did Plato contribute to psychology?
Plato defined 3 aspects of the psyche–reason, feeling and appetite. He also wrote about the duality of the psyche and the relationship between mind and body. He believed the action of the humors of the body affects one’s mental state.
Who was Socrates psychology?
Socrates the ancient Greek philosopher is largely credited as the founder of western philosophy. He developed a philosophical disposition at a young age and would do the most annoying of things–walk around and ask questions to complete strangers.
What is the importance of Socrates philosophy?
Socrates believed philosophy should achieve actual practical results for the well-being of society. He seeked to create an ethical system that would not be based on religious doctrine but instead on human reason.
What are the main contribution of Socrates to education?
Perhaps his greatest contribution to education is the use of the Socratic Method. With this method, the teacher can make the student sharpen his reasoning faculty, improve his own.
What were Socrates main ideas?
Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.
What did Carl Rogers contribution to psychology?
Carl Rogers is widely regarded as one of the most eminent thinkers in psychology. He is best known for developing the psychotherapy method called client-centered therapy and for being one of the founders of humanistic psychology.
What was Sigmund Freud contribution to psychology?
Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who is perhaps most known as the founder of psychoanalysis. Freud developed a set of therapeutic techniques centered on talk therapy that involved the use of strategies such as transference, free association, and dream interpretation.
How did Egypt contribute to psychology?
Great thinkers from ancient civilizations developed ideas that shaped modern science and our view of the world. Ancient Egypt produced the first recorded medical document and the first psychological experiment.