Erikson’s psychosocial development theory emphasizes the social nature of our development rather than its sexual nature. While Freud believed that personality is shaped only in childhood, Erikson proposed that personality development takes place all through the lifespan.
What is one distinction between the Freud and Erikson views quizlet?
Freud emphasized the role of biological forces in development whereas Erikson emphasized the role of social and cultural forces in development.
How does a theory differ from a fact quizlet?
How does a theory differ from a fact? Theories explain facts. Facts are known and observable, whereas theories are concepts and ideas that attempt to organize facts to help them make sense. Theories raise questions or suggest hypotheses, and they lead researchers to gather facts, which may suggest conclusions.
What does the science of human development seek to understand?
The science of human development seeks to understand how and why people—all people, everywhere, of every age—change over time, and how and why they remain the same. … The science of human development is empirical, meaning that it focuses on data, facts, observation, and experimentation.
Why did Erikson disagree Freud?
For example, Erik Erikson believed that Freud was incorrect to think that personality was shaped almost entirely by childhood events. Other issues that motivated neo-Freudian thinkers included: … Freud’s lack of emphasis on social and cultural influences on behavior and personality.
Which of the following is a similarity between Freud’s and Erikson’s psychoanalytic theories quizlet?
Which of the following is a similarity between Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory during middle childhood? Both theories see the acquisition of cognitive and social skills as a major task in middle childhood. Brad is 12 years old. Every day he selects the clothes he has to wear to school.
What is the main idea behind cognitive theory quizlet?
what is the basic idea of cognitive theory? theoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions and actions.
What is a fact quizlet?
fact. a statement that can be proved. hypothesis. possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question.
Why there is a need for different theoretical perspective on human development?
Theories provide a framework for understanding human behavior, thought, and development. By having a broad base of understanding about the how’s and why’s of human behavior, we can better understand ourselves and others. … Behavioral theories, for example, provide a basis for understanding how people learn new things.
Which of the following theories compares human thinking processes to the processes of a computer quizlet?
Which of the following theories compares human thinking processes to the processes of a computer? information-processing theory.
What is the quickest and least expensive way to study development?
Why would a scientist conduct a cross-sectional study? It is the quickest and least expensive way to study development over time; it is designed to compare groups of people who differ in age but are similar in other important characteristics.
Which theory do you think emphasizes the impact of early experiences on development and why?
c Freud’s psychoanalysis emphasizes early experiences. Erikson considers childhood an important period, but extends development through old age.
Which of Erikson’s stages occur at the same time as Freud’s oral stage?
Same time as Freud’s oral stage. Erikson’s 2nd stage ( 1-3 years) in which a toddler becomes self-sufficient in many activities, including toileting, feeding, walking, exploring, and talking, failure to do so causes doubt in their own abilities.
Which research method involves collecting data repeatedly on the same person as he or she ages?
Longitudinal research studies the same person or group of people over an extended period of time. Longitudinal research involves beginning with a group of people who may be of the same age and background (cohort) and measuring them repeatedly over a long period of time.
Which of Erikson’s stages did he regard as particularly crucial for later development quizlet?
Erikson thought the first stage, trust versus mistrust, was particularly crucial for all later relationships. For example, an adult who has difficulty establishing a secure, mutual relationship with a life partner may never have resolved that first crisis of early infancy, trust versus mistrust.