Your question: What is nervous system and how it works?

Your nervous system uses specialized cells called neurons to send signals, or messages, all over your body. These electrical signals travel between your brain, skin, organs, glands and muscles. The messages help you move your limbs and feel sensations, such as pain.

How does the nervous system work step by step?

The nervous system takes in information through our senses, processes the information and triggers reactions, such as making your muscles move or causing you to feel pain. For example, if you touch a hot plate, you reflexively pull back your hand and your nerves simultaneously send pain signals to your brain.

What are the 3 nervous systems?

It has three parts: The sympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system. The enteric nervous system.

What are the 4 main functions of the nervous system?

The four main functions of the nervous system are:

  • Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. …
  • Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. …
  • Memory and learning. …
  • Voluntary control of movement.
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What is the main function of the nervous system?

The nervous system helps all the parts of the body to communicate with each other. It also reacts to changes both outside and inside the body. The nervous system uses both electrical and chemical means to send and receive messages.

What is the largest nerve in the body?

The sciatic nerve is the largest and longest nerve in the human body, originating at the base of the spine and running along the back of each leg into the foot. At its thickest point, it is about as wide as an adult thumb.

What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

Nervous Tissue

  • Afferent neurons. …
  • Efferent neurons. …
  • Interneurons.

Which organ is part of the nervous system?

The brain and the spinal cord are the central nervous system. The nerves that go through the whole body make up the peripheral nervous system.

What are 5 interesting facts about the nervous system?

11 Fun Facts About the Nervous System

  • The body has billions of nerve cells. …
  • Neurons are made of three parts. …
  • Neurons may look different from one another. …
  • Neurons are programmed to do different things. …
  • There are two parts of the nervous system. …
  • There are two types of nervous systems.
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What does the nervous system control?

The nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. It controls much of what you think and feel and what your body does. It allows you to do things like walk, speak, swallow, breathe and learn. It also controls how the body reacts in an emergency.