Deception in psychological research is often stated as acceptable only when all of the following conditions are met: 1) no other nondeceptive method exists to study the phenomenon of interest; 2) the study makes significant contributions to scientific knowledge; 3) the deception is not expected to cause significant …
When can deception be used in psychological research quizlet?
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Why is deception sometimes used in psychological research? Deception is used when the researcher and the IRB agree that there is no other way to do the study. They agree that using deception is the only way to be able to get a natural reaction from the participants.
What is the purpose of deception in psychological experiments?
In psychology, deception is commonly used to increase experimental control. Yet, its use has provoked concerns that it raises participants’ suspicions, prompts sec- ond-guessing of experimenters’ true intentions, and ultimately distorts behavior and endangers the control it is meant to achieve.
What is deception and when is it used in a research study?
Definition. Deception is the intentional misleading of subjects or the withholding of full information about the nature of the experiment. Investigators may mislead or omit information about the purpose of the research, the role of the researcher, or what procedures in the study are actually experimental.
Are there any circumstances where it is critical to use deception?
In psychology research, deception is a highly debatable ethical issue. … Others believe deception is necessary because it prevents participants from behaving in an unnatural way; it is important that participants behave the way they normally would when not being observed or studied.
What psychologists mean by being deceptive in research?
Deception is when a researcher gives false information to subjects or intentionally misleads them about some key aspect of the research. This could include feedback to subjects that involves creating false beliefs about oneself, one’s relationship, or manipulation of one’s self-concept.
Why is deception usually used in research quizlet?
Why is deception usually used in research? ○ provide participants with information about the experiment so that they can make a free choice of whether they want to participate. … ○ After the experiment is over, any deception that has been used is made public, and the necessity for it is explained.
The ultimate goal of using deception in research is to ensure that the behaviors or reactions observed in a controlled laboratory setting are as close as possible to those behaviors and reactions that occur outside of the laboratory setting.
How was deception used in the Milgram study?
Deception – the participants actually believed they were shocking a real person and were unaware the learner was a confederate of Milgram’s. However, Milgram argued that “illusion is used when necessary in order to set the stage for the revelation of certain difficult-to-get-at-truths.”
What may be considered a disadvantage of using deception in psychological research?
deception is used to avoid problems resulting from placebo effects, unreliability of self-reports, etc. -Critics argue that deception is lying, which is immoral, it may undermine individuals’ trust in others, can cause distress/embarrassment in subjects when true nature of the study is revealed.
Under which of the following circumstances would deception be allowed in a research project?
Deception is allowed when the research project will involve significant risk, such that otherwise, few people would volunteer to be in the study.
What type of deception is considered ethical in research?
Deception research is an ethical dilemma in itself. Deception in research entails that participants are not fully informed of the purpose of the study. Valuable insight can also be obtained in this way into factors which would never be discovered if all factors and aspects were obvious to the study participants.
What is one of the guidelines for using deception in a research study quizlet?
What is one of the guidelines for using deception in a research study? The deception cannot conceal a real risk or danger to participants. Which element is part of the APA ethical guidelines?