What role does the central nervous system play?

The central nervous system is the body’s processing centre. The brain controls most of the functions of the body, including awareness, movement, thinking, speech, and the 5 senses of seeing, hearing, feeling, tasting and smelling. The spinal cord is an extension of the brain.

What is the main role of the central nervous system?

The central nervous system (CNS) controls most functions of the body and mind. … The spinal cord is the highway for communication between the body and the brain. When the spinal cord is injured, the exchange of information between the brain and other parts of the body is disrupted.

What are the 3 functions of the central nervous system?

The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output.

What are the 4 main functions of the central nervous system?

The four main functions of the nervous system are:

  • Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. …
  • Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. …
  • Memory and learning. …
  • Voluntary control of movement.
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What is the main function of the central nervous system quizlet?

The main functions of the central nervous system is to PROCESS information received through sensory systems and other parts of the body and to activate appropriate actions to the external/internal stimuli.

What are the roles of the brain and spinal cord in the central nervous system?

The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. The brain plays a central role in the control of most bodily functions, including awareness, movements, sensations, thoughts, speech, and memory. … The spinal cord carries signals (messages) back and forth between the brain and the peripheral nerves.

What are the 5 functions of the nervous system?

5 Major Functions of Nervous System

  • Detection of both internal environment and external environmental changes of the body.
  • Conduction of Information.
  • Integration of Information.
  • Respond to stimuli.

What does the CNS help coordinate?

The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord. This body system is responsible for integrating and coordinating the activities of the entire body. Through these physical structures, thought, emotion, and sensation are experienced, and body movements are coordinated.

What are the 2 main functions of the nervous system?

The nervous system is involved in receiving information about the environment around us (sensation) and generating responses to that information (motor responses). The nervous system can be divided into regions that are responsible for sensation (sensory functions) and for the response (motor functions).

What are the 3 main functions of the nervous system quizlet?

Terms in this set (3)

  • sensory input. when sensory receptors monitor changes that occur both inside and outside of the body.
  • integration. when sensory information is interpreted and the appropriate response is taken.
  • motor output. response that is performed by effectors- muscles or glands.
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What are the functions and structures of the nervous system?

The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body’s electrical wiring. Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.