What are the common disorders of the nervous system?

What are 4 diseases disorders of the nervous system?

Disorders of the nervous system

Infections, such as meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and epidural abscess. Structural disorders, such as brain or spinal cord injury, Bell’s palsy, cervical spondylosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, brain or spinal cord tumors, peripheral neuropathy, and Guillain-Barré syndrome.

What are nervous disorders?

Neurological disorders are medically defined as disorders that affect the brain as well as the nerves found throughout the human body and the spinal cord. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms.

How many nervous system diseases are there?

There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include: Diseases caused by faulty genes, such as Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy. Problems with the way the nervous system develops, such as spina bifida.

What are the top 5 neurological disorders?

Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.

  1. Headaches. Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders and can affect anyone at any age. …
  2. Epilepsy and Seizures. …
  3. Stroke. …
  4. ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. …
  5. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia. …
  6. Parkinson’s Disease.

What is the most common neurological disorder?

Among the neurological disorders, the 5 most prevalent were TTH (121.6 [95% UI, 110-133] million people), migraine (68.5 [95% UI, 64-73] million people), stroke (7.8 [95% UI, 7.4-8.2] million people), AD and other dementias (2.9 [95% UI, 2.6-3.2] million people), and SCI (2.2 [95% UI, 2.0-2.3] million people) (Table 1) …

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What causes disorders of the nervous system?

Injuries (trauma), especially injuries to the head and spinal cord. Problems that are present at birth (congenital). Mental health problems, such as anxiety disorders, depression, or psychosis. Exposure to toxins, such as carbon monoxide, arsenic, or lead.

Is Fibromyalgia a nervous system disorder?

Fibromyalgia does not involve inflammation or damage to joints. Brain imaging and studies have shown that fibromyalgia is a disorder of the central nervous system. “It’s a neurological disease driven by the central nervous system,” says Clauw.