The German psychologist William Stern (1871-1938) introduced the idea of intelligence quotient, or IQ. This entailed a formula for mental age that could be assessed by a test, such as the one devised by Binet, divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100.
Who developed the concept of IQ and when?
The first modern intelligence test in IQ history was developed in 1904, by Alfred Binet (1857-1911) and Theodore Simon (1873-1961). The French Ministry of Education asked these researchers to develop a test that would allow for distinguishing mentally retarded children from normally intelligent, but lazy children.
Who is the father of IQ?
He was noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford Graduate School of Education.
|Alma mater||Clark University Indiana University Bloomington Central Normal College|
|Known for||IQ testing, Positive Psychology of Talent|
What is the concept of IQ in psychology?
IQ, short for intelligence quotient, is a measure of a person’s reasoning ability. In short, it is supposed to gauge how well someone can use information and logic to answer questions or make predictions. IQ tests begin to assess this by measuring short- and long-term memory.
Who first used the word IQ?
The abbreviation “IQ” was coined by the psychologist William Stern for the German term Intelligenzquotient, his term for a scoring method for intelligence tests at University of Breslau he advocated in a 1912 book.
Who gives IQ?
The tests are given by licensed psychologists. They are usually composed of several parts. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale, for example, contains 15 subtests.
Who is the father of psychology?
Wilhelm Wundt is the man most commonly identified as the father of psychology.
Who gave the concept of Crystallised and fluid intelligence?
Raymond B. Cattell is credited with the development of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The genesis of this theory is, however, vague. Cattell, in different papers, stated that it was developed in 1940, 1941 or 1942.
Who gave concept of mental age?
Mental age was first defined by the French psychologist Alfred Binet, who introduced the intelligence test in 1905.