a condition in which memory for a past event is improved when the person is in the same biological or psychological state as when the memory was initially formed.
What is state dependent memory example?
State-dependent memory is a phenomenon where people are more likely to retrieve memories that were created in similar states of consciousness. For example, if you learned something while drunk, you will have a higher chance of remembering it if you are also drunk.
What is state dependency psychology?
State-dependent memory or state-dependent learning is the phenomenon where people remember more information if their physical or mental state is the same at time of encoding and time of recall.
What is state dependent memory and how does it work?
People can more easily recall information if they are in the same physical or emotional state they were when they learned the information. This is called state-dependent learning. Many studies have examined this phenomenon in people in intoxicated states. 5 For example, one study, conducted by J.E.
What is state dependent memory in psychology quizlet?
State-Dependent Memory is recalling events encoded while in particular states of consciousness. If you suddenly remember an appointment while you are drowsy an about to go to sleep, you need to write it down. Very possible, you will not remember it again until you are drowsy and in the same state of consciousness.
Why is context dependent memory important?
Context-dependent memory brings ideas, skills, and experiences to mind when they’re in the same context as they were when you experienced them before. When you learn something in one context, you’ll more easily remember it in that same context.
What’s an example of context dependent memory?
In psychology, context-dependent memory is the improved recall of specific episodes or information when the context present at encoding and retrieval are the same. … One particularly common example of context-dependence at work occurs when an individual has lost an item (e.g. lost car keys) in an unknown location.
Who came up with state dependent memory?
The phenomenon was first investigated systematically in 1964 by the US psychologist Donald (Albert) Overton (born 1935), who focused on drug-dependent memory in rats, and this was later demonstrated in humans: material learnt in a drunken state is best remembered in a later drunken state, and so on.
What is the difference between mood congruent and state dependent memory?
Mood congruence is when one can match an emotion to a specific memory. Mood dependence, on the other hand, is the sorting of memory when mood at retrieval is the same as encoding.
How can state dependent memory affect your ability to study for and take a final exam?
It will help you put some context into your exams! The theory of state dependent memory argues that our efforts to recall certain information is affected by our psychological and physiological states. Individuals find it easier to retain information if they are in the same state as when they first learned it.
How do context dependent memories work?
Context dependent memory refers to the phenomenon of how much easier it is to retrieve certain memories when the “context,” or circumstances around the memory are same for both the original encoding and retrieval. … When you do this memories of events that happened there came more readily to mind.
What is cue dependent theory?
Cue-dependent forgetting, or retrieval failure, is one of five Cognitive psychology theories of forgetting. It states that sometimes memories are forgotten because they cannot be retrieved. If, however, you are given a cue as to the memory, you will be more likely to retrieve it.
What is state-dependent learning quizlet?
State-Dependent Learning. Recalling information easily when you’re in the same environment in which you leanred the information/material. Decay.
What is the state-dependent learning how does it relate to studying and taking exams?
So, the theory is, if you study for a test in an environment similar or the same as the environment that you will be in while taking the test, you will increase your ability of remembering the information that you learned.
What is the difference between anterograde and retrograde amnesia?
Anterograde amnesia (AA) refers to an impaired capacity for new learning. Retrograde amnesia (RA) refers to the loss of information that was acquired before the onset of amnesia.