How do psychologists define depression?

depression, in psychology, a mood or emotional state that is marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and a reduced ability to enjoy life.

What is the definition of depression in psychology?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed.

How do psychologists identify depression?

Feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness or excessive guilt almost every day. Problems with concentration or making decisions almost every day. Recurring thoughts of death or suicide, suicide plan, or suicide attempt.

How does WHO define depression?

What is depression? Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, decreased energy, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration.

What are 4 major causes of depression?

The four major causes of depression are:

  • Family history. Though there are no specific genes that we can look at and trace to depression, if your family members have had depression, you are more likely also to experience depression. …
  • Illness and health issues. …
  • Medication, drugs, and alcohol. …
  • Personality.
THIS IS INTERESTING:  Should I see a neurologist or a psychiatrist?

What are the 5 characteristics of depression?

5 Most common signs of depression

  • Persistent depressed (low) mood. It’s natural to feel down from time to time. …
  • Loss of interest in things you once enjoyed. Sometimes we lose interest in things we used to love. …
  • Feelings of worthlessness. …
  • Poor concentration. …
  • Thoughts of harming yourself.

Who can diagnose depression?

Psychiatrist: A psychiatrist is also a medical doctor (MD) who is trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health disorders like depression. 4 They are physicians who earned an undergraduate degree, graduated from medical school, and completed a residency in psychiatric care.

What is used to diagnose depression?

The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) — a 9-item self-administered diagnostic screening and severity tool based on current diagnostic criteria for major depression. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), — a 21-question multiple-choice self-report that measures the severity of depression symptoms and feelings.

What symptoms best describe depression?

Although depression may occur only once during your life, people typically have multiple episodes. During these episodes, symptoms occur most of the day, nearly every day and may include: Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness. Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters.

Who discovered clinical depression?

Hippocrates Melancholy has been known since Antiquity and described as such: “If fear and sadness last a long time, such a state is melancholy,” writes Hippocrates in his book Aphorisms [1]. Indeed, Hippocrates, a Greek physician, is considered the first physicist to describe melancholy or depression clinically.

What is depression in psychology PDF?

is characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy and poor concentration, besides feeling depressed.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Your question: Why is cognitive learning important?

What is the most serious form of depression?

Clinical depression is the more-severe form of depression, also known as major depression or major depressive disorder. It isn’t the same as depression caused by a loss, such as the death of a loved one, or a medical condition, such as a thyroid disorder.

Which hormone is released during depression?

Serotonin is in the brain. It is thought to regulate mood, happiness, and anxiety. Low levels of serotonin are linked to depression, while increased levels of the hormone may decrease arousal.

What happens in brain during depression?

Depression causes the hippocampus to raise its cortisol levels, impeding the development of neurons in your brain. The shrinkage of brain circuits is closely connected to the reduction of the affected part’s function. While other cerebral areas shrink due to high levels of cortisol, the amygdala enlarges.

What is the number one cause of teenage depression?

Many factors increase the risk of developing or triggering teen depression, including: Having issues that negatively impact self-esteem, such as obesity, peer problems, long-term bullying or academic problems. Having been the victim or witness of violence, such as physical or sexual abuse.