Strain theories state that certain strains or stressors increase the likelihood of crime. These strains lead to negative emotions, such as frustration and anger. … Crime may be used to reduce or escape from strain, seek revenge against the source of strain or related targets, or alleviate negative emotions.
How does the strain theory explain behavior?
Strain theory explains deviant behavior as an inevitable outcome of the distress individuals experience when they’re deprived of ways to achieve culturally valued goals. … This results in some individuals from the lower classes using unconventional or criminal means to obtain financial resources.
How does general strain theory explain crime?
General strain theory (GST) states that strains increase the likelihood of crime, particularly strains that are high in magnitude, are seen as unjust, are associated with low social control, and create some pressure or incentive for criminal coping. … Crime is one possible response.
What is an example of strain theory?
Examples of General Strain Theory are people who use illegal drugs to make themselves feel better, or a student assaulting his peers to end the harassment they caused. … Presentation of negative stimuli (physical and verbal assaults) The inability to reach a desired goal.
How does Merton’s strain theory explain crime?
Crime is a result of a ‘strain’ between legitimate goals and lack of opportunities to achieve those goals. Strain Theory argues that crime occurs when there aren’t enough legitimate opportunities for people to achieve the normal success goals of a society.
How does strain theory explain the causation of deviant Behaviour?
According to Merton’s strain theory, societal structures can pressure individuals into committing crimes. Classic Strain Theory predicts that deviance is likely to happen when there is a misalignment between the “cultural goals” of a society (such as monetary wealth) and the opportunities people have to obtain them.
How does strain theory explain deviance quizlet?
What is a strain theory? A theory that people engage in deviant behaviour when they are unable to achieve socially approved goals by legitimate means. … This results in a strain between the goals that encourage individuals to achieve and what the institutional structure of society allows them to achieve legitimately.